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Spectral and Energy Efficiency of Superimposed Pilots in Uplink Massive MIMO [Elektronisk resurs]

Verenzuela, Daniel (författare)
36th IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM) 
Björnson, Emil (författare)
Sanguinetti, Luca (författare)
Linköpings universitet Institutionen för systemteknik (utgivare)
Linköpings universitet Tekniska fakulteten (utgivare)
Publicerad: IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC, 2018
Engelska.
Ingår i: IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications. - 1536-1276. ; 17:11, 7099-7115
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  • Next-generation wireless networks aim at providing substantial improvements in spectral efficiency (SE) and energy efficiency (EE). Massive MIMO has been proved to be a viable technology to achieve these goals by spatially multiplexing several users using many base station (BS) antennas. A potential limitation of massive MIMO in multicell systems is pilot contamination, which arises in the channel estimation process from the interference caused by reusing pilots in neighboring cells. A standard method to reduce pilot contamination, known as regular pilot (RP), is to adjust the length of pilot sequences while transmitting data and pilot symbols disjointly. An alternative method, called superimposed pilot (SP), sends a superposition of pilot and data symbols. This allows use of longer pilots which, in turn, reduces pilot contamination. We consider the uplink of a multicell massive MIMO network, with i.i.d. Rayleigh fading channels, using maximum ratio combining and compare RP and SP in terms of SE and EE. To this end, we derive rigorous closed-form achievable rates with SP under a practical random BS deployment. We prove that the reduction of pilot contamination with SP is outweighed by the additional coherent and non-coherent interference. Numerical results show that when both methods are optimized, RP achieves comparable SE and EE to SP in practical scenarios. 

Ämnesord

Engineering and Technology  (hsv)
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering  (hsv)
Telecommunications  (hsv)
Teknik och teknologier  (hsv)
Elektroteknik och elektronik  (hsv)
Telekommunikation  (hsv)

Genre

government publication  (marcgt)

Indexterm och SAB-rubrik

Massive MIMO; spatial multiplexing; spectral efficiency (SE); energy efficiency (EE); superimposed pilots (SP); channel estimation; pilot contamination; achievable rates; stochastic geometry
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